teacup. [ 掲示板 ] [ 掲示板作成 ] [ 有料掲示板 ] [ ブログ ]

  内容 入力補助画像・ファイル<IMG> youtubeの<IFRAME>タグが利用可能です。(詳細)
[ ケータイで使う ] [ BBSティッカー ] [ 書込み通知 ] [ 検索 ]

Three main types of baby boomers in Japan

 投稿者:ZEN  投稿日:2008年10月 4日(土)12時59分26秒
  1 Those who have been significantly influenced by American culture from birth. They love American songs and American democracy.
2 Those who reject American culture.
3 Those who can't decide their basic thinking stance,wavering
their position between Pro-American and nationalist.

The way to be rich

 投稿者:ZEN  投稿日:2008年 9月 5日(金)12時11分43秒
返信・引用 編集済
  According to some experts if you want to be rich, you should change the way of thinking and try not to react on others'negative opinion or comments. Rather it
is better to react on others' positive ones.
Exactly, even if we do not want to be rich, it seems to be a very important idea for our lives.
Judging from my experience, rich people try to drive away negative mood in their thinking. They are usually postive thinkers.But we have to understand it carefully.Optimists often forget to look at the reality. on the contrary, positive thinkers not.For example, in a rainy day optimists get wet with laughing, while positive thinkers prepare for it and get new friends under their umbrellas.
Positive thinkers always think about the things objectively. At that time, they hope to turn present states into better one.The existing condition never satisfy them and they often turn off the negative condition.
Positive thinkers prefer similiar minded people  each other.So they exchange ideas and create communities. As a result, they carry out a constructive ideas which help them to make a better situation in their lives  and become rich.
So to become rich, you should better obtain the habit of positive
thinking by yourself from now.

Why is conversation among Japanese people boring?

 投稿者:ZEN  投稿日:2008年 8月28日(木)20時47分18秒
返信・引用 編集済
  Why is conversation among Japanese people boring?
Because they do not have the habit to think the reason behind things.
Why do not they think about it?
Because they do not learn it at school.
Why do not Japanese school teach to ask questions ?
Because in Japanese schools students are taught to answer by  using "model  answers",which can be easily evaluated by the teachers. Using figure's 100% represents perfect answer.
Why do Japanese teachers always like to evaluate students'performance by using figures?
Because it is the best way to select persons who have a talent for becoming bureaucrats and factory workers.

WHY do not they say why?

 投稿者:ZEN  投稿日:2008年 8月28日(木)01時04分18秒
返信・引用 編集済
  Why do Japanese people pretend to know?
Because they love to do everything automatically without thinking anything.
It is so natural for them. So most of them are not aware of the risk behind such idleness.
People who do not think tend to use single and recurrent phrases, one of them is
"sugoi",the original meaning is "terrible"but in contempoary Japanee it means "exceptional;awesome".
Take an example from their typical conversation.
"Sugoi desune""Hai, sugoi"
But they do not specify why they say sugoi to each other.
Then the "safe conversation" continues among them.
What is "safe conversation"?
It is a kind of automatic conversation just like an answering  machine.

Back to the past

 投稿者:ZEN  投稿日:2008年 8月25日(月)23時39分5秒
返信・引用 編集済
  How can we know our true history ?
We know our history from written documents. Historians research the reliability of these documents.
As a result, they reach an established theory on history after this elaborate work.
However, they always face up a difficult dilemma.
What is the dilemma?
For example, ancient people did not write down the things which was thought to be too common. but those things  might have been  very important for us modern people. Thus, written documents in the past only tell "the half truth of the past" even if they are exactly proved.

Nobody but God can live forever.So the truth behind human history tends to be always in the mist.

This tribe 1

 投稿者:ZEN  投稿日:2008年 8月24日(日)22時14分53秒
返信・引用 編集済
  Why have the Anglo-Americans controlled the world for a long time?
I think one of the reasons is that they have accumulated rich know-how to rule many different countries through his history. I once asked the same question to a Japanese who has lived in England. He said,"The typical difference between the British and Japanese is the way to make a quarell. In Japan shouting is often effective to gain the right because the upperhand Japanese are always very quiet. In Britain shouting represents defeat in many cases.In the process of the quarrel Japanese gradually become emotional, but the upperhand British gradually become rational. To be obsessed by emotion means to be ruled.Japanese are people who tend to overestimate emotion. British are careful of expressing emotion to others. That is a reason that they have ruled the world."

bisiness and water running dry

 投稿者:&#65338;&#65317;&#65326;  投稿日:2008年 8月22日(金)20時34分48秒
  Business and water running dry
Aug 21st 2008  NEW YORK
From The Economist

Everyone knows industry needs oil. Now people are worrying about water, too
WATER is the oil of the 21st century, declares Andrew Liveris, the chief executive of Dow, a chemical company. Like oil, water is a critical lubricant of the global economy. And as with oil, supplies of waterat least, the clean, easily accessible sortare coming under enormous strain because of the growing global population and an emerging middle-class in Asia that hankers for the water-intensive life enjoyed by people in the West.

Oil prices have fallen from their recent peaks, but concerns about the availability of freshwater show no sign of abating. Goldman Sachs, an investment bank, estimates that global water consumption is doubling every 20 years, which it calls an unsustainable rate of growth. Water, unlike oil, has no substitute. Climate change is altering the patterns of freshwater availability in complex ways that can lead to more frequent and severe droughts.

Untrammelled industrialisation, particularly in poor countries, is contaminating rivers and aquifers. Americas generous subsidies for biofuel have increased the harvest of water-intensive crops that are now used for energy as well as food. And heavy subsidies for water in most parts of the world mean it is often grossly underpricedand hence squandered.

All of this poses a problem, first and foremost, for human welfare. At the annual World Water Week conference in Stockholm this week, delegates focused on measures to extend access to clean water and sanitation to the worlds poor. But it also poses a problem for industry. For businesses, water is not discretionary, says Dominic Waughray of the World Economic Forum, a think-tank. Without it, industry and the global economy falter.

Water is an essential ingredient in many of the products that line supermarket shelves. JPMorgan, a bank, reckons that five big food and beverage giantsNestl Unilever, Coca-Cola, Anheuser-Busch and Danoneconsume almost 575 billion litres of water a year, enough to satisfy the daily water needs of every person on the planet.

Although agriculture uses most water (see chart), many other products and services also depend on it. It takes around 13 cubic metres of freshwater to produce a single 200mm semiconductor wafer, for example. Chipmaking is thought to account for 25% of water consumption in Silicon Valley. Energy production is also water-intensive: each year around 40% of the freshwater withdrawn from lakes and aquifers in America is used to cool power plants. And separating just one litre of oil from tar sandsa costly alternative fuel made viable by high oil pricesrequires up to five litres of water.

Quality matters as much as quantity. According to the World Bank, around 90% of the rivers in China near urban areas are seriously polluted. The overall cost of water scarcityfrom pollution and the depletion of groundwateris estimated to be 147 billion yuan ($21.4 billion) a year, or almost 1% of Chinas annual output. In 2007 poor water-quality cost China some $12 billion in lost industrial output alone.

Elsewhere, Taipei City in Taiwan no longer allows companies to tap its groundwater, because of shortages. Firms in drought-ridden Australia have lived under stringent water restrictions for years. Southern Company, an electricity utility based in Atlanta, temporarily shut down some of its power plants last summer because of a drought. Indeed, according to a survey by the Marsh Centre for Risk Insights, 40% of Fortune 1000 companies said the impact of a water shortage on their business would be severe or catastrophicbut only 17% said they were prepared for such a crisis.

Not all companies are sitting still. Since 1995 Dow has reduced the amount of water it uses per tonne of output by over a third. Nestl cut its water consumption by 29% between 1997 and 2006, even as it almost doubled the volume of food it produced. And at Coca-Cola bottling plants from Bogot to Beijing, schools of fish swim in water tanks filled with treated wastewater, testament to the firms commitment to clean all its wastewater by 2010 (it is 84% of the way there).

Cynics say such programmes are mere public relations. There is some truth to this. Companies that use freshwater in areas where it is scarce are understandably unpopular. Activists have attacked both Coca-Cola and Pepsi, for instance, for allegedly depleting groundwater in India to make bottled drinks. Coca-Cola took the matter to court and was exonerated by an independent commission, which blamed a regional drought for water shortages, but activists were not mollified. Coca-Cola has responded by redoubling its attention to waterfor instance, by backing a scheme in Kaladera to teach villagers how to harvest rainwater and irrigate crops more efficiently. Regulatory licences to water are not enough, says Jeff Seabright of Coca-Cola. We need a social licencethe OK from the communityto operate.

Cutting water consumption can also make business sense. Using less water reduces spending on water acquisition and treatment, and on the clean-up of wastewater. Some firms have no choice. Elion Chemical in China is working with General Electric to recycle 90% of its wastewater to comply with Beijings strict new zero-liquid discharge rules, which bar companies from dumping wastewater into the environment. Of Nestls 481 factories worldwide, 49 are in extremely water-stressed regions where water conservation and re-use is the only option.

Such farsightedness is, alas, only a drop in the bucket. In a drought, even water-efficient factories can run into trouble. Moreover, the water used within a factorys walls is often only a tiny fraction of a firms true dependence on water. Jos Lopez, the chief operating officer of Nestl notes that it takes four litres of water to make one litre of product in Nestles factories, but 3,000 litres of water to grow the agricultural produce that goes into it. These 3,000 litres may be outside his control, but they are very much a part of his business.

Education costs much

 投稿者:ZEN  投稿日:2008年 8月21日(木)23時28分40秒
返信・引用 編集済
  Britain's universities are trying to build new financial muscle to compete for talented staff and students.

Investment in British higher education stands at a low figure compared with other countries.The Continent starts to spend more money on universities.

Heather Bell, Oxford's first director of International Strategy
says,"Higher ecucation is internationalizing and the competition is increasing."

Dozens of American universities boast funds valued at more than
$1 billion.Alison Richard,vice chancellor of Cambridge University says,"The great efforts that were taken in the U.S.to call upon the alumni and friends of universities did not happen in the U.K."

( The Time Magazine Aug.18.2008)

Japan is the  country with the lowest value of school education budget per GDP among developed countries.However its figure does not contain private cost for education,the statistics show that rich family spend more money for their children. The expert also indicates that the education gap by income is expanding in Japan.

Free opinion board

 投稿者:ZEN  投稿日:2008年 8月20日(水)18時50分6秒
  If you have any question about Japanese "strange" customs or
behaviors,Please write in this board freely.